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Shirehampton Primary

English including phonics, reading and spelling

At Shirehampton Primary, English is a big part of the school day - whether it's through discrete lessons or the fact that reading and writing is embedded into everything we do.

The English curriculum handbook detailing the progression of how this subject is taught across our school, can be found here.

You can also find resources to help out at home with phonics and reading.


At Shirehampton Primary all children are taught how to read and write through phonics lessons which begin in the Reception year. We are currently teaching using the Twinkl Phonics scheme. To learn more about this scheme, please click here to read the Twinkl phonics handbook. 

Our parent information leaflet goes into more detail of how we teach the Twinkl Phonics scheme and how reading books are to be used at home. To view this document please click here. 

Children are expected to read their reading book three times on three different days.

Below are three videos demonstrating how each of these reads builds decoding, comprehension and fluency skills so children are able to read with confidence and expression.  

First read:



 Second read:



 Third read:




 Once children have mastered their phonics, the emphasis turns to understanding what they have read (this is called comprehension). The reading curriculum is split into different content domains, which breaks down comprehension skills into different areas. Below is a table outlining the different domains for each key stage.

1a/2a 1b/2b 1c/2c 1d/2d 1e/2e 2f 2g 2h
KEY STAGE 1 1a draw on knowledge of vocabulary to understand texts 1b identify / explain key aspects of fiction and non-fiction texts, such as characters, events, titles and information 1c identify and explain the sequence of events in texts 1d make inferences from the text 1e predict what might happen on the basis of what has been read so far
KEY STAGE 2 2a give / explain the meaning of words in context 2b retrieve and record information / identify key details from fiction and non-fiction 2c summarise main ideas from more than one paragraph 2d make inferences from the text / explain and justify inferences with evidence from the text 2e predict what might happen from details stated and implied 2f identify / explain how information / narrative content is related and contributes to meaning as a whole 2g identify / explain how meaning is enhanced through choice of words and phrases 2h make comparisons within the text

If you click on the links below, you can find a resource that shows you questions tailored to the different content domains that you can ask your child as you listen to them read. This will help improve their comprehension skills.

Questions to ask your KS1 child when reading

Questions to ask your KS2 child when reading 



For more information about how we teach spellings at Shirehampton, please click here.


Each year group hand out weekly spellings which you can access through their class pages but below is an outline for each year. 

Year 1Year 2Year 3Year 4Year 5Year 6